Friday, May 22, 2020

Utopia Viewpoint in B.F. Skinners Book, Walden Two

In 1948, B.F. Skinner published his novel, Walden Two, based on an utopian viewpoint that once arose from a dinner conversation with a friend. Skinner shared his thoughts with his companion about soldiers returning from war. Skinner was curious as to how soldiers could abandon adventure only to tie themselves down to pursue the â€Å"American Dream† when they could be exploring the world caught up in their own personal experiences (Altus Morris, 2004). However, Skinner’s utopian viewpoint was not a newly-found idea, but a correlation of ideas from early childhood reading. Skinner wanted to use his own dissatisfactions in life as a piece of his motivation. Discussing openly with people how he felt when he watched his own wife print â€Å"housewife† in current occupation spots, made him come to the realization that people were struggling to save themselves from domesticity. After finishing a paper due soon, Skinner began to implement his current thoughts into the book, Walden Two (Altus Morris, 2004). The book, Walden Two, sold a little over 700 copies a year. In later years, ideas from the book were evident in new societal problems. Sales then soared to over 250,000 copies a year. Skinner used this book throughout his career as a heavy context reference to his ideologies about utopian and humanistic themes. Practices today show evidence of this books context popping up throughout society in our ever evolving modern world. These practices are commonly organized into three groups:

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The Immigration Of The United States - 895 Words

The United States of America, A country founded on the concept of immigration. Wether that was immigrating to the colonies in the early stages of the country, or the immigration of millions into Ellis Island from the late 1800’s to the mid 1900’s, Its been a strong part of the backbone of this country. The current immigration polices are not harming Americas social or economical wellbeing because those here illegally currently pay sales tax, bring families together and support the American dream, and the GDP benefits. With these combined reasons it allows us Americans to gain comfort in welcoming more hardworking people into out melting pot of a country we like to call home. First we look at the impact on an economical standpoint for the illegals here now. Just as we citizens go to the store to purchase food, clothing, and other basic needs, illegals immigrants do the same exact thing. This means just as we pay sales tax, so do they. Illegal immigrants are paying into our taxes one way or another, so with the money they earn we can see some of it go towards the social programs that legal US citizens take advantage of, the same social programs that the immigrants cant get access to but desperately need. â€Å"Based on estimates compiled by the Institute for Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP), the Immigration Policy Center reported that the $11.2 billion in taxes paid by illegal immigrants in 2010 included $8.4 billion in sales taxes† (Longly). Here we see that illegal immigrantsShow MoreRelatedImmigration And The United States986 Words   |  4 PagesImmigration in the United States continues to increase rapidly year by year. According to an anal ysis of monthly Census Bureau data by the Center for Immigration Studies, the immigration population in the United States, both legal and illegal, hit a record of 42.1 million in the second quarter of this year, an increase of 1.7 million since the same quarter of 2014 (CIS.org). Clearly, Immigrants make up a large part of the population in the United States, and for most immigrants, migrating to theRead MoreImmigration Of The United States1399 Words   |  6 Pages Michelle Faed English 126 Immigration in the United States The United States of America, being a country established by immigrants, is known all over the world as the land of great opportunities. People from all walks of life travelled across the globe, taking a chance to find a better life for them and their family. Over the years, the population of immigrants has grown immensely, resulting in the currently controversial issue of illegal immigration. Illegal immigrants are the people whoRead MoreImmigration And The United States965 Words   |  4 Pages Immigration is a highly controversial and big problem in the United States today. â€Å"While some characterize our immigration crisis as solely an issue of the 11 to 12 million unauthorized immigrants living in this country, our problems extend beyond the number of undocumented people to a broader range of issues. The lack of a comprehensive federal solution has created a slew of lopsided, enforcement-only initiatives that have cost the country billions of dollars while failing to end un authorizedRead MoreImmigration On The United States1302 Words   |  6 PagesImmigration Rights in the U.S. Immigration has occurred in the U.S. for for many years. Some say it’s the foundation of our country. America is the country where people leave their own country to live. People would leave due to mistreatment, hunger issues or job opportunities. America is known for starting over or accomplishing dreams, so immigrants travel over to follow those dreams. People emigrate from one country to another for a variety of complex reasons. Some are forced to move, due to conflictRead MoreThe Immigration Of The United States1711 Words   |  7 PagesThe vast majority of people living in the United States are descendants of immigrants, and yet majority of them are against them. It is quickly forgotten that America was built on immigrants that wanted a new life. A life free from harsh government, and the freedom from forced religion. The original settlers were immigrants that stole this land; immigrants continued to come for years. It is not a newly constructed concept that immigrants have always been a problem, ask any Native American. One usedRead MoreImmigration Of The United States1064 Words   |  5 Pages Camarota (2007, p.1), director of the Immigration Studies Center, reports there are 1.6 million documented and undocumented migrants take up residence in the United States every year. Camarota goes on to say that the immigrants occupy one-eighth of the total population who settled in the U.S. The flood of aliens, to a significant degree, hinders the development of the United States. Therefore, the issues which relate to immigration must not be neglected, and the government should keep the numberRead MoreImmigration And The United States Essay1377 Words   |  6 Pages Immigration has been a large conversation topic for such a long time in our country. We have worked on policies for immigration, and have made changes to them throughout the duration of our country’s existence. This topic is always worth mentioning and important, but has become a bigger topic once again due to presidential elections and the conversations being had about immigration from said elections. It is not necessarily easily seen if the concern with immigration is who is here legally or limitingRead MoreImmigration Of The United States1565 Words   |  7 PagesA native of Mexico, Gonzalez came to the United States using a visa, to visit family members and in 1994, police convicted Gonzalez of the abduction and rape of a Waukegan, Illinois woman. During his conviction his attorney, Vanessa Potkin, addressed that at twenty years old, Gonzalez spoke very little English, had no criminal record, and yet the police wanted to pin the crime on him. Twenty years later, DNA from the crime cleared him of both charges, and Gonzalez is now threatened with deportationRead MoreImmigration : The United States1087 Words   |  5 PagesThe United States is a popular and powerful which many people admire. It is very true that the country prospect and is more enrich. O pening the border might improve the economy or can impact the job market for American citizens. It is the jobs of American citizens to be given more to this illegal immigrant. I believe the U.S. borders should remain closed. While it is clear that opening the borders can have benefits, I believe it is more important to keep jobs available for Americans. In my opinionRead MoreThe Immigration Of The United States1632 Words   |  7 PagesFrench and European to settle in the New World. Since the colonial era, America has seen a wave of immigrants migrate in search of freedom and equality. Is this the same immigration today? Nearly 11.6 million immigrants from Mexico reside in the U.S. Today Immigration has a significant impact on many aspects of life in the United States, from the workforce and the classroom to communities across the country. Not all immigrants come to America legally whether as naturalized citizens, legal permanent residents The Immigration Of The United States - 895 Words When going into the immigration unit, I have to admit that I had very little knowledge on the topic. Therefore, I had to do a little bit more research to formulate an opinion and take a stance on the whole issue. My initial thoughts were to deport all of the immigrants in the country with no exceptions. After all, there are eleven million people in the United States who are forbidden by law to be in the country. Looking back into the history of immigration, I discovered that in 1986, Ronald Reagan implemented an amnesty policy that granted 3 million people citizenship. Unfortunately, this did not solve the overall problem in the long run because the current immigrant population is circulating around eleven million people. Due to the past failure with amnesty, I did not think it would be wise to try that again. In addition, I did not think that it is fair for legal citizens to have to pay for unauthorized peoples’ welfare. United States citizens spend eleven to twenty-two billi on dollars a year on the welfare of people who, in my eyes, have not earned their way into the country. Next, I took a look at the process to obtain a green card. To my surprise, it is not very difficult to acquire a green card. I was worried that people are able to come into the country for malicious reasons and cause harm. I felt like the immigrants needed to show some effort in order prove that they want to be United States citizens for the right reasons. The only solution I could think of was toShow MoreRelatedImmigration And The United States986 Words   |  4 PagesImmigration in the United States continues to increase rapidly year by year. According to an analysis of monthly Census Bureau data by the Center for Immigration Studies, the immigration population in the United States, both legal and illegal, hit a record of 42.1 million in the second quarter of this year, an increase of 1.7 million since the same quarter of 2014 (CIS.org). Clearly, Immigrants make up a large part of the population in the United States, and for most immigrants, migrating to theRead MoreImmigration Of The United States1399 Words   |  6 Pages Michelle Faed English 126 Immigration in the United States The United States of America, being a country established by immigrants, is known all over the world as the land of great opportunities. People from all walks of life travelled across the globe, taking a chance to find a better life for them and their family. Over the years, the population of immigrants has grown immensely, resulting in the currently controversial issue of illegal immigration. Illegal immigrants are the people whoRead MoreImmigration And The United States965 Words   |  4 Pages Immigration is a highly controversial and big problem in the United States today. â€Å"While some characterize our immigration crisis as solely an issue of the 11 to 12 million unauthorized immigrants living in this country, our problems extend beyond the number of undocumented people to a broader range of issues. The lack of a comprehensive federal solution has created a slew of lopsided, enforcement-only initiatives that have cost the country billions of dollars while failing to end un authorizedRead MoreImmigration On The United States1302 Words   |  6 PagesImmigration Rights in the U.S. Immigration has occurred in the U.S. for for many years. Some say it’s the foundation of our country. America is the country where people leave their own country to live. People would leave due to mistreatment, hunger issues or job opportunities. America is known for starting over or accomplishing dreams, so immigrants travel over to follow those dreams. People emigrate from one country to another for a variety of complex reasons. Some are forced to move, due to conflictRead MoreThe Immigration Of The United States1711 Words   |  7 PagesThe vast majority of people living in the United States are descendants of immigrants, and yet majority of them are against them. It is quickly forgotten that America was built on immigrants that wanted a new life. A life free from harsh government, and the freedom from forced religion. The original settlers were immigrants that stole this land; immigrants continued to come for years. It is not a newly constructed concept that immigrants have always been a problem, ask any Native American. One usedRead MoreImmigration Of The United States1064 Words   |  5 Pages Camarota (2007, p.1), director of the Immigration Studies Center, reports there are 1.6 million documented and undocumented migrants take up residence in the United States every year. Camarota goes on to say that the immigrants occupy one-eighth of the total population who settled in the U.S. The flood of aliens, to a significant degree, hinders the development of the United States. Therefore, the issues which relate to immigration must not be neglected, and the government should keep the numberRead MoreImmigration And The United States Essay1377 Words   |  6 Pages Immigration has been a large conversation topic for such a long time in our country. We have worked on policies for immigration, and have made changes to them throughout the duration of our country’s existence. This topic is always worth mentioning and important, but has become a bigger topic once again due to presidential elections and the conversations being had about immigration from said elections. It is not necessarily easily seen if the concern with immigration is who is here legally or limitingRead MoreImmigration Of The United States1565 Words   |  7 PagesA native of Mexico, Gonzalez came to the United States using a visa, to visit family members and in 1994, police convicted Gonzalez of the abduction and rape of a Waukegan, Illinois woman. During his conviction his attorney, Vanessa Potkin, addressed that at twenty years old, Gonzalez spoke very little English, had no criminal record, and yet the police wanted to pin the crime on him. Twenty years later, DNA from the crime cleared him of both charges, and Gonzalez is now threatened with deportationRead MoreImmigration : The United States1087 Words   |  5 PagesThe United States is a popular and powerful which many people admire. It is very true that the country prospect and is more enrich. O pening the border might improve the economy or can impact the job market for American citizens. It is the jobs of American citizens to be given more to this illegal immigrant. I believe the U.S. borders should remain closed. While it is clear that opening the borders can have benefits, I believe it is more important to keep jobs available for Americans. In my opinionRead MoreThe Immigration Of The United States1632 Words   |  7 PagesFrench and European to settle in the New World. Since the colonial era, America has seen a wave of immigrants migrate in search of freedom and equality. Is this the same immigration today? Nearly 11.6 million immigrants from Mexico reside in the U.S. Today Immigration has a significant impact on many aspects of life in the United States, from the workforce and the classroom to communities across the country. Not all immigrants come to America legally whether as naturalized citizens, legal permanent residents

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Rethinking Teaching In The Digital Age Education Essay Free Essays

string(174) " of instructors resist altering their pedagogical patterns in malice of confronting jobs and challenges during teaching-learning procedure in the digitally turning universe\." We live in a universe of rapid economic and technological alteration. Digital engineerings have a really strong impact on every facet of our lives, impacting how we communicate, find and provide information, concept relationships, trade and purchase goods and, critically, how we learn and teach. Now learners conveying rich experiences to the schoolroom acquired from a technologically enhanced universe. We will write a custom essay sample on Rethinking Teaching In The Digital Age Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Younger scholars grow up utilizing nomadic devices, games and other electronic equipment for communicating and amusement. Mature scholars, meanwhile, are bit by bit more likely to hold internet entree at place and to utilize engineering at work. In the old ages in front, the diminishing cost of calculation will do digital engineerings handy to about everyone in all parts of the universe, from inner-city vicinities of developed states to the rural small towns in developing states. We can name it a digital age as these engineerings are transforming the lives of the people ; how and what people learn throughout their lives. It is merely similar to the â€Å" green revolution † which was made possible by the biotechnologies, now the new digital engineerings will decidedly convey â€Å" learning revolution † in instruction sector. But certain requirements are required to do learning revolution possible. These digital engineerings in instruction and peculiarly in the schoolroom will work merely when the thoughts and attacks ( traditional or conventional methods ) are transformed into constructive one. Research reveal the fact that in malice of utilizing ICT in the instruction and acquisition procedure, thoughts and attacks remain mostly unchanged. To take full advantage of new engineerings, we need to basically rethink our attacks to larning and education- and our thoughts of how new engineerings can back up them. Integrating engineering in instruction is a complex issue taking many signifiers that differ in intent. This will run from retroflexing bing educational patterns through digital media with engineering as tools, to transforming instruction to convey about new acquisition ends. The inactive 3 R ‘s should be replaced by the more dynamic 3 C ‘s of coaction, creativeness and communicating. These characteristics challenge the traditional footing for learning in schools. Learning versus Information: When people think about instruction and acquisition, they frequently think about information. It indicates our way to the conventional/behaviorist method of learning where a instructor is the beginning of information who pours his/her information into the empty vass i.e. scholars. Now, it ‘s rather natural that people see a direct connexion between computing machines and instruction. Computers permit people to convey, entree, represent, and manipulate information in many new ways. Because instruction is associated with information and computing machines are associated with information, the two seem to do a perfect matrimony. But this focal point on information is restricting and falsifying both for the field of instruction and for computing machines. If we want to take full advantage of new digital engineerings, and if we want to assist pupils go better minds and scholars, we need to travel beyond these information-centric positions of calculating and acquisition. Over the past 50 old ages, psychologists and educational research workers, constructing on the pioneering work of Jean Piaget, have come to understand that acquisition is non a simple affair of information transmittal. Teachers can non merely pour information into the caputs of scholars ; instead, larning is an active procedure in which people construct new apprehensions of the universe around them through active geographic expedition, experimentation, treatment, and contemplation. In short: people do n’t acquire thoughts ; they make them. As for computing machines, they are more than merely information machines, despite the common usage of the phrase â€Å" information engineering † or â€Å" IT. † Of class, computing machines are fantastic for conveying and accessing information, but they are, more loosely, a new medium through which people can make and show. If we use computing machines merely to present information to pupils, we are losing the advanced potenc y of the new engineering for transforming acquisition and instruction. Fig. 1, Learning in the Digital Age ICT is like â€Å" finger pigment † which can be used for planing and making things and merely so these digital engineerings can populate up to its potencies. Merely making and planing activities offer the greatest new larning chances with computing machines. Psychologists and philosophers like Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner and Dewey have besides shown that our best acquisition experiences come when we are engaged in planing and making things, particularly things that are meaningful either to us or others around us. When kids create images with finger pigment, for illustration, they learn how colourss mix together. When they build houses and palaces with edifice blocks, they learn about constructions and stableness. When they make watchbands with coloured beads, they learn about symmetricalnesss and forms. Like finger pigment, blocks, and beads, computing machines can besides be used as a â€Å" stuff † for doing things-and non merely by kids, but by everyone. Indeed, the computing machine is the most extraordinary building stuff of all time invented, enabling people to make anything from music picture to scientific simulations to robotic animals. Computers can be seen as a cosmopolitan building stuff, greatly spread outing what people can make and what they can larn in the procedure. Learning in a Digital Age explores ways in which engineering can assist higher instruction establishments meet the challenge of womb-to-tomb and work-based acquisition. Rethinking Teacher ‘s Function: In the recent old ages school instruction sector has realized that the instructor is the ultimate key to educational alteration and school effectivity. The instructors do non simply present the course of study, but they besides develop, define and reinterpret. It is the undertaking of instructors to undertake with the engineering and to turn their scholars to get â€Å" accomplishments of the twenty-first century † . In the current scenario, the voice of the advanced instructor in the state is hardly hearable. We still have instructors who are autocratic in nature and represent themselves as the exclusive beginning of information. These types of instructors resist altering their pedagogical patterns in malice of confronting jobs and challenges during teaching-learning procedure in the digitally turning universe. You read "Rethinking Teaching In The Digital Age Education Essay" in category "Essay examples" Fixing scholars for the demands of the twenty-first century requires committed, advanced instructors willing to force bing limitations. It is besides approximately efficaciously utilizing the emerging engineerings to heighten instruction and acquisition schemes. The alone and rapid alterations go oning in this field present assorted jobs for instructors who are willing to experiment with their instruction and acquisition, functions and duties, larning atmosphere and state of affairss, forms of interaction, schemes and theories, every bit good as, manners of appraisal. ICT has given new functions and duties to the instructor. ICT challenges the bing autocratic function of the instructors as the exclusive beginning of cognition and information and demands to be themselves learner foremost. Teachers themselves need to larn the new manner of acquisition, and in add-on to new ways of assisting others learn. This besides means a considerable displacement in the function of the instructor a nd in all structural facets of the school system. Fig. 2, Roles A ; Duties of the Teacher in the Digital Age The greatest instructors teach of course. It flows from them like a soft rain ; they ca n’t assist but learn. ICT is merely another tool in the tool chest of a good instructor. ICT expects instructors to give the pupils in-between phase in the schoolroom, supplying chances to research and ask for their acquisition. Teachers should move as ushers, facilitators and advisers, constructing linkages between their pupils ‘ single involvements and apprehensions and the common accomplishments and knowledge society expects them to get. Rethinking Learner ‘s Function: Students in a traditional schoolroom are inactive. They listen and react to the instructor ‘s direct direction. NCF, 2005 besides articulates that â€Å" kids ‘s voices and experiences do non happen look in the category. It further says that kids will larn merely in an ambiance where they feel they are valued and our schools still do non convey this to all kids † . But ICT has changed the manner pupils learn and the manners of larning they adopt. The scholar today has multiple resources available to them. They are in front of their instructors in utilizing the engineering and accessing information in assorted Fieldss. They are less dependent on instructors and prescribed text books. They build upon their bing cognition and deduce their ain significances. It has provided them freedom and flexibleness which was non available earlier. Learners have active, brooding function in this digital age. Fig. 3, Learner in the Digital age Today ‘s kids are â€Å" turning up digital. † Their position of the universe is really different from that of grownups, thanks to exceeding entree to information, people, and thoughts across extremely synergistic media. Today ‘s kids are the latest theoretical account of human being. Looking at the universe of kids is non looking rearward at our ain past-it ‘s looking in front. They are our evolutionary hereafter. But, it besides proposes the biggest job in the teaching-learning procedure in the present digital age. A common scenario today is a schoolroom filled with digitally literate pupils being taught by linearaˆ?thinking, technologically obstructed instructors. Students have been exposed to these engineerings or similar 1s early on during their formative old ages while their instructors have merely been exposed to it merely late. As a consequence, the pupils are sometimes more capable with the engineering. In malice of this instructors are seldom given the opportunity to larn how to utilize this technologyaˆ?aˆ?teachers are given the tools, but non the cognition. Teachers progressively are larning the engineering on their ain clip. Students on the other are confident plenty to utilize these technological promotions efficaciously and they even prefer it more on traditional methods of instruction and acquisition. Learners now have freedom to research, discover and inquire whatev er they want. REFORMING Education: Now bulk of the states are acknowledging that bettering instruction is the best manner to increase wealth, enhance wellness, and keep peace. India is one of those states who have already moved towards the way of educational reform. But, these reform enterprises are superficial and incremental, and do non acquire at the bosom of the job. These enterprises included new signifiers of proving and appraisal, but leave in topographic point bing course of study and bing learning schemes. We need to transform the pedagogical attacks and functions that instructors and pupils are playing soon. Following facets needs to be believing critically and transformed if India wants to come on and travel in front in this technologically advanced universe: Rethink how people learn: We need to basically reorganise school schoolrooms. Alternatively of a centralized-control theoretical account ( with a instructor presenting information to a roomful of pupils ) , we need a constructive attack to larning. Students can go more active and independent scholars, with the instructor as facilitator and usher to the acquisition. Alternatively of spliting up the course of study into separate subjects ( math, scientific discipline, societal surveies, linguistic communication ) , there is a demand to concentrate on subjects and undertakings that cut across the subjects, taking advantage of the rich connexions among different spheres of cognition. It merely means incorporate attack. Alternatively of spliting pupils harmonizing to age, we should promote pupils of all ages to work together on undertakings, enabling them to larn from one another. Rethink what people learn: Much of what kids learn in schools today was designed for the epoch of paper-and-pencil. We need to update course of study for the digital age. One ground is obvious: Schools must fix pupils with the new accomplishments and thoughts that are needed for life and working in a digital society. Second new engineerings are altering non merely what pupils should larn, but besides what they can larn. There are many thoughts and subjects that have ever been of import but were left out of traditional school course of study because they were excessively hard to learn and larn with lone paper, pencil, books, and chalkboard. Some of these thoughts are now accessible through originative usage of new digital engineerings. Finally, and possibly most significantly, we need to transform course of study so that they focus less on â€Å" things to cognize † and more on â€Å" schemes for larning the things you do n’t cognize. † As new engineerings continu e to speed up the gait of alteration in all parts of our lives, larning to go a better scholar is far more of import than larning to multiply fractions or memorising the capitals of the universe. Rethinking Technologies: In add-on to rethinking our attacks to larning and instruction, we besides need to rethink the engineerings that we provide to immature kids. Most of the available computing machines are meant for the grownups merely but there is demand to develop such engineering that is worthy for the immature kids. Programmable bricks are such illustrations of these engineerings. Digitally manipulative blocks and faculties need to be developed and incorporated so that pupils can themselves acquire hold of their acquisition. FINAL Remark: Contemporary beliefs sing larning have moved off from cognition transmittal theoretical accounts of merely leaving information to constructive cognition theoretical accounts where cognition is constructed. In the procedure of intending doing, engineering is roped in to back up the communicating and building of new cognition ensuing in new acquisition. The function of ICT in instruction can be seen as larning about, larning with and larning through ICT. ICT or digital age resources today offer great chances in instruction sector and particularly to our schools for the beneficiary function they provide in information, acquisition and research. It clearly states that instructors should be digitally literate in order to utilize these ICT resources and tools. Existing traditional patterns and functions needfully be changed by the usage of engineering in the schoolroom. Teachers must be a facilitator and direct the pupils towards the right way where as pupils should be provided with the fr eedom to research, discover and inquire. Resources should be made available to the schools in order to carry through this aim and instructors must be educated digitally. It means, course of study of instructor instruction will finally be transformed into ICT based course of study and explorative pedagogical patterns. Constructivism has already emerged as the new educational theory and engineering will follow it in pattern as it emphasizes on collaborative acquisition, real-world undertakings with reliable appraisals with pupils accepting duty for their ain acquisition. Teacher developing course of study besides need to be redesigned as instructors should themselves be learner and digitally educated to be capable of utilizing these ICT tools. Success in the hereafter will be based non on how much we know, but on our ability to believe and move creatively. The detonation of digital engineerings has established the demand for originative thought in all facets of our lives, and has besides provided tools that can assist us better and reinvent ourselves. Children should play a cardinal function in this passage to the â€Å" Creative Society † . Childhood is one of the most originative periods of our lives. We must do certain that kids ‘s creativeness is nourished and developed, and we must assist kids larn how to widen and polish their originative abilities, so that the creativeness of childhood persists and grows throughout life. To accomplish these ends will necessitate new attacks to instruction and acquisition and internal inspiration and support system from our instruction system every bit good as the preparedness to alter and larn from everyone even from the pupils. REFRENCES: Anderson, L. and Krathwohl, D. ( 2000 ) : Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom ‘s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Allyn A ; Bacon: New York. Bruner, J. ( 1966 ) : The procedure of instruction ; Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Burden, K. ( 2010 ) : ‘Conceptualizing instructors ‘ professional acquisition with Web 2.0 ‘ , Campus-Wide Information Systems 27, no. 3: 148-161. A Churchill, D. ( 2006 ) : Teacher ‘s private theories and their design of technology-based acquisition ; British Journal of Educational Technology, 37 ( 4 ) : p. 559-576. Dewey, J. ( 1938 ) : Education and experience ; New York: Macmillan. Dewey, J. ( 1956 ) : The kid and the course of study ; Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Dey, B. , Saxena, K.M. A ; Gihar, S. ( 2005 ) , Information and Communication Technology and teacher Education: An empirical survey: The Journal of Education, Vol. 1 ( 2 ) , pp.60-63 Ellis, V. ( 2007 ) : Taking Capable Knowledge Seriously: From Professional Knowledge Recipes to Complex Conceptualizations of Teacher Development, The Curriculum Journal 18, 3: 447 – 462 Gardner, H. ( 1983 ) : Frames of head: A theory of multiple intelligences ; Basic Books: New York. Glaserfeld, V. ( 1989 ) : Constructivism in instruction ; Pergamon Press: England. Jonesaˆ?Kavalier, B. , Flannigan, S. ( 2006 ) : Connecting the Digital Dots: Literacy of the twenty-first Century ; Educause Quarterly, 29 ( 2 ) , 1aˆ?3. Leask, M. A ; Paschler, N. ( 2003 ) , larning to learn utilizing ICT in the secondary schools, Routledge: London. National Curriculum Framework ( 2005 ) : National Council of Educational Research and Training: New Delhi. Piaget, J. ( 1973 ) : To understand is to contrive ; New York: Grossman. Piaget, J. ( 1926 ) : The linguistic communication and idea of the kid ; London: Routledge A ; Kegan. Vygotsky, L. ( 1962 ) : Thought and linguistic communication ; Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Vygotsky, L. S. ( 1978 ) : Mind in society ; Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press. Woolfolk, A. ( 2007 ) : Educational Psychology ( 10th Edition ) ; Canada: Pearson Publishers. How to cite Rethinking Teaching In The Digital Age Education Essay, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

When Many People Think Of Fishing They Envision Going Down To A Local

When many people think of fishing they envision going down to a local stream or lake and soaking a few worms. However there is a more exciting and often more productive method of fishing referred to as fly-fishing. Fly-fishing is much more of an art when opposed to spin casting. When fly fishing you are much closer to the underwater fauna, as you are often in the water with the fish. Aside from that you also pick which fish you will go after by locating him and floating a fly right under his nose in hope that your fly is enticing enough to draw a strike from the fish, and ultimately to land him. There are six main elements of fly fishing; a fly rod (usually around 9 feet long), a fly reel (a round shaped real with a 1:1 relative ratio), a fly line (around 90 feet long), fly lining backing (fills up the reel and is spare line in case the fish takes a long run), a tippet to tie to the front end of the fly line so it does not scare the fish (around 9 feet of clear line), and a few flies (lures made from winding furs, feathers, glitter and various other things around a hook). Picking the ?right fly? in itself can be made into an art. In fact interested enthusiasts often choose to tie their own flies in order to obtain the ?perfect fly?. Aside from that, like almost any aspect of fishing, fly tying is a hobby. As I stated before fly-fishing differs greatly from lure fishing. One of the biggest differences, and adjustments to fishing style, is that it is not the sinker of the lure that provides the fisherman with the weight to cast, but rather that the fly line itself provides the angler with the weight necessary to cast. The easiest cast on a fly line to learn to cast on is a weight forward line. This means that most of the weight in the line is in the first ten or twenty five feet. This cast allows the fisherman to make short and accurate casts. This method has been proven very effective in clear water streams where you sight a desired fish to catch. Once you have obtained all the necessary equipment you need to locate a good fishing hole. (Even if you are with an experienced angler who has a favorite fishing hole it is a good idea to know how to read the river, because with time the rivers change, and if you are relying on a favorite fishing spot to always be there you may be in for a big surprise with the change of the seasons.) You have to remember that you are attempting to imitate food for a feeding fish. In order to do this you have to do two things, choose a fly, and choose a fishing spot. When choosing a fly look around in your environment to see which bugs the fish are feeding on. If you have trouble-locating insects shake a bush or a branch and note what flies out. Next you should observe your environment in order to see where the fish are feeding. If you are fishing in slow or still water it may be easy to see surfacing fish, however in faster water the ripples often make it difficult to see where the fish are seeking refuge. A goo d rule of thumb is to find a spot where the fish will be forced to excerpt as little energy as possible. This often means finding a rock and floating a fly right by it, or finding an eddy where the current is detoured and slowed. Now you are ready to fish! The first thing that you have to do when casting a fly rod is to get a nice firm grip on the handle. Hold the rod with fingers wrapped around the handle and thumb facing forward, like you would grip a golf club. Run about ten to fifteen feet of line out of the reel and let it fall to your feet. Make sure there is nothing for the line to get caught on or around. Now flick

Thursday, March 19, 2020

The eNotes Blog eNotes Teachers Corner To Teach or Not to Teachâ€That is theQuestion

Teachers Corner To Teach or Not to Teach- That is theQuestion Teachers Corner is a monthly newsletter from just for teachers. In it, experienced educator and contributor Susan Hurn shares her tips, tricks, and insight into  the world of teaching. Check out this months Teachers Corner column below, or sign up to receive the complete newsletter in your inbox at . Recently over lunch, a dedicated career teacher told me that she could no longer advise anyone to go into teaching; the joy is gone, she said, with teachers now locked into regimented lesson plans and required to spend all their time chasing test scores. She also worried about what we’re doing to kids in the classroom- demanding more and more of them at younger and younger ages. There’s no time now to let them be kids, she said, or color outside the lines, if they get to color at all. It was a depressing lunch. I drove home with a lot to think about, especially since I had encouraged my own daughter when she decided several years ago to change careers, earn a second college degree, and go into the classroom. Had I steered her wrong? Remembering our animated conversations after she began teaching, however, I don’t think so. Teaching may be different today- the demands greater and the stressors more intense, but it still engages the heart and the mind in ways unlike those of any other profession. No two days are alike, and every day is a fresh opportunity to achieve something glorious, even for one unforgettable moment. Students aside- and that’s a big aside- it’s true that our profession is less respected in some quarters than it once was, for reasons that seem to be bound up in politics and publicity. If a teacher is arrested for some terrible offense in any part of the country, it becomes national news; a steady drumbeat of these stories erodes confidence, creating the impression that teachers somehow have degenerated into an immoral lot, not to be trusted. On the positive side, however, every time teachers risk their lives or lose them trying to protect their students, which seems to be happening more and more frequently, their actions make the news, too. Ask the parents of those students if teachers can be trusted. There’s also a lot of discussion these days about â€Å"bad teachers†; judging from what the public hears daily on the airwaves and reads online or in press releases, our schools are about to crumble under the cumulative weight of lazy incompetents in the classroom. Teacher tenure is under attack, with tenure laws represented to the public as guaranteeing lifetime employment for bad teachers; tenure, its foes allege, makes it impossible to fire all those bad teachers doing little while collecting large monthly checks. The term â€Å"due process† is rarely mentioned. Most recently, teachers have been stripped of tenure and the right to due process in California and in Kansas. Teachers in those states can now be fired not just for cause but for any reason at all, and stating a reason isn’t required. You can read about the California ruling at  cta.org  and about the Kansas legislation at  washingtonpost.com. Tenure aside- and that’s another big aside- teacher evaluations have become central in renewing or not renewing contracts, which brings us back to bad teachers. Supposedly, everybody can spot one a mile away. Defining what constitutes a bad teacher, however, is another matter.  This article at  teaching.about.com  boils it down to seven deficiencies, six of which would apply generally to people in any line of work. Being able to relate to students and to inspire them is not mentioned, suggesting that it is often overlooked as a characteristic of a good teacher, even though it is essential in educating kids. Another discussion of good vs. bad teachers, which touches as well on the California tenure case, can be found here at  sfgate.com. Currently, districts around the country, feeling political heat and racing for funds, are scrambling to rewrite evaluation instruments and practices to better sort out who’s doing what in the classroom, effectively or ineffective ly. According to Dr. B. R. Jones, author of  The Focus Model, the increasing emphasis on teacher evaluations, combined with new academic standards and â€Å"next-generation† assessments (think CCSS), is setting the stage for a â€Å"perfect storm† in education. He contends that an â€Å"evaluation fix† is needed in many of the instruments now being written to assess teacher performance. Jones identifies four â€Å"distinct ‘potholes’† that could result in â€Å"serious damage† in evaluating teachers effectively:   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Using inappropriate evidence of a teacher’s quality   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Improperly weighting appropriate evidence of a teacher’s quality   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Failing to adjust evidence weights for a given teacher’s instructional setting   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Confounding the functions of formative and summative teacher evaluation Everyone agrees we don’t want bad teachers in the classroom, but how to evaluate teachers, it seems, is also an area of contention in education. You can read Jones’s article at  corwin-connect.com. Our vocation, more than ever, is rife with conflict and controversy and voices raised in promoting personal, professional, and political agendas. Why would anyone want to be a teacher? Why would I encourage my daughter in her desire to leave a successful career and join the ranks? Obviously, I wouldn’t- unless I knew in my heart she would be a great teacher and would find in teaching the kind of fulfillment that only other dedicated teachers can really understand. She has asked for lots of advice along the way, and giving my children advice has never been a problem! Ultimately, I told her this: Close your door, do your job, and focus on your students; give them your best because it will make a difference in their lives, and don’t forget to enjoy them every day. So, to teach or not to teach? Regardless of whatever winds are blowing outside the classroom door, I say yes! I’m not sure how it can be July already, but here it is. Have some fun in the sun! Susan

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

15 Surprising Facts About Susan B. Anthony

15 Surprising Facts About Susan B. Anthony The 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote was named for Susan B. Anthony, as was a world record-holding ship. What else dont you know about this famous leader of the Suffrage movement? 1. She Was Not  at the 1848 Woman’s Rights Convention At the time of that first womens rights convention in Seneca Falls, as Elizabeth Cady Stanton later wrote in  her reminiscences  History of Woman Suffrage,  Anthony was teaching school in Canajoharie, in the Mohawk Valley. Stanton reports that Anthony, when she read of the proceedings, was â€Å"startled and amused† and â€Å"laughed heartily at the novelty and presumption of the demand.† Anthony’s sister Mary (with whom Susan lived for many years in adulthood) and their parents attended a woman’s rights meeting held at the First Unitarian Church in Rochester, where the Anthony family had begun attending services, after the Seneca Falls meeting. There, they signed a copy of the  Declaration of Sentiments  passed at Seneca Falls.  Susan was not present to attend. 2. She Was for Abolition First Susan B. Anthony was circulating anti-slavery petitions when she was 16 and 17 years old.  She worked for a while as the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. Like many other women abolitionists, she began to see that in the â€Å"aristocracy of sex†¦woman finds a political master in her father, husband, brother, son† (History of Woman Suffrage). She  first met Elizabeth Cady Stanton  after Stanton had attended an anti-slavery meeting at Seneca Falls. 3. She Co-Founded the New York Women’s State Temperance Society Elizabeth Cady Stanton and  Lucretia Mott’s experience of being unable to speak at an international anti-slavery meeting led to their forming the  1848 Woman’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls. When Anthony was not permitted to speak at a temperance meeting, she and Stanton formed a women’s temperance group in their state. 4. She Celebrated Her 80th Birthday at the White House By the time she was 80 years old, even though woman suffrage was far from won, Anthony was enough of a public institution that President William McKinley invited her to celebrate her birthday at the White House. 5. She Voted in the Presidential Election of 1872 Susan B. Anthony and a group of 14 other women in Rochester, New York, registered to vote at a local barber shop in 1872, part of the New Departure strategy of the woman suffrage movement. On November 5, 1872, she cast a ballot in the presidential election. On November 28, the 15 women and the registrars were arrested. Anthony contended that women already had the constitutional right to vote. The court disagreed in  United States v. Susan B. Anthony. She was fined $100 for voting and refused to pay. 6. She Was the First Real Woman Depicted on U.S. Currency While other female figures like Lady Liberty had been on the currency before, the 1979 dollar featuring Susan B. Anthony was the first time a real, historical woman appeared on any U.S. currency.  These dollars were only minted from 1979 through 1981 when production was halted because the dollars were easily confused with quarters. The coin was minted again in 1999 to meet demand from the vending machine industry. 7. She Had Little Patience for Traditional Christianity Originally a Quaker, with a maternal grandfather who had been a Universalist, Susan B. Anthony became more active with the Unitarians later. She, like many of her time, flirted with Spiritualism, a belief that spirits were part of the natural world and thus could be communicated with.  She kept her religious ideas mostly private, though she defended the publication of  The Woman’s Bible  and criticized religious institutions and teachings that portrayed women as inferior or subordinate. Claims that she was an atheist are usually based on her critique of religious institutions and religion as practiced.  She defended the right of Ernestine Rose to be president of the National Women’s Rights Convention in 1854, though many called Rose, a Jew married to a Christian, an atheist, probably accurately. Anthony said about that controversy that â€Å"every religion - or none - should have an equal right on the platform.† She also wrote, â€Å"I distrust those people who know so well what God wants them to do because I notice it always coincides with their own desires.† At another time, she wrote, â€Å"I shall earnestly and persistently continue to urge all women to the practical recognition of the old Revolutionary maxim. Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God.† Whether she was an atheist, or just believed in a different idea of God than some of her evangelical opponents, is not certain. 8. Frederick Douglass Was a Lifelong Friend Though they split over the issue of the priority of black male suffrage in the 1860s - a split which also split the feminist movement until 1890 - Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass were lifelong friends. They knew each other from early days in Rochester, where in the 1840s and 1850s, he was part of the anti-slavery circle that Susan and her family were part of. On the day Douglass died, he had sat next to Anthony on the platform of a women’s rights meeting in Washington, D.C. During the split over the 15th Amendment’s granting of suffrage rights to black males, Douglass tried to influence Anthony to support the ratification. Anthony, appalled that the Amendment would introduce the word â€Å"male† into the Constitution for the first time, disagreed. 9. Her Earliest Known Anthony Ancestor Was German Susan B. Anthony’s Anthony ancestors came to America via England in 1634. The Anthonys had been a prominent and well-educated family. The English Anthonys were descended from a William Anthony in Germany who was an engraver. He served as Chief Engraver of the Royal Mint during the reigns of Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I. 10. Her Maternal Grandfather Fought in the American Revolution Daniel Read enlisted in the Continental Army after the battle of Lexington, served under Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen among other commanders, and after the war was elected as a Whig to the Massachusetts legislature. He became a Universalist, though his wife kept praying he would return to traditional Christianity. 11. Her Position on Abortion Is Misrepresented While Anthony, like other leading women of her time, deplored abortion both as â€Å"child-murder† and as a threat to the life of women under then-current medical practice, she blamed men as responsible for women’s decisions to end their pregnancies. An often-used quote about child-murder was part of an editorial asserting that laws attempting to punish women for having abortions would be unlikely to suppress abortions, and asserting that many women seeking abortions were doing so out of desperation, not casually. She also asserted that â€Å"forced maternity† within legal marriage - because husbands were not seeing their wives as having a right to their own bodies and selves - was another outrage. 12. She May Have Had Lesbian Relationships Anthony lived at a time when the concept of â€Å"lesbian† hadn’t really surfaced. It’s hard to differentiate whether â€Å"romantic friendships† and â€Å"Boston marriages† of the time would have been considered lesbian relationships today. Anthony lived for many of her adult years with her sister Mary. Women (and men) wrote in more romantic terms of friendships than we do today, so when Susan B. Anthony, in a letter, wrote that she â€Å"shall go to Chicago and visit my new lover - dear Mrs. Gross† it’s hard to know what she really meant. Clearly, there were very strong emotional bonds between Anthony and some other women. As Lillian Falderman documents in the controversial  To Believe in Women, Anthony also wrote of her distress when fellow feminists got married to men or had children, and wrote in very flirtatious ways - including invitations to share her bed. Her niece Lucy Anthony was a life partner of suffrage leader and Methodist minister Anna Howard Shaw, so such relationships were not foreign to her experience. Faderman suggests that Susan B. Anthony may have had relationships with Anna Dickinson, Rachel Avery, and Emily Gross at different times in her life. There are photos of Emily Gross and Anthony together, and even a statue of the two created in 1896.  Unlike others in her circle, however, her relationships with women never had the permanence of a â€Å"Boston marriage.† We really can’t know for sure if the relationships were what we’d today call lesbian relationships, but we do know that the idea that Anthony was a lonely single woman is not at all the full story. She had rich friendships with her female friends. She had some real friendships with men, as well, though those letters are not so flirtatious. 13. A Ship Named for Susan B. Anthony Holds a World’s Record In 1942, a ship was named for Susan B. Anthony. Constructed in 1930 and called the  Santa Clara  until the Navy chartered it on August 7, 1942, the ship became one of very few named for a woman. It was commissioned in September and became a transport ship carrying troops and equipment for the Allied invasion of North Africa in October and November. It made three voyages from the U.S. coast to North Africa. After landing troops and equipment in Sicily in July 1943 as part of the Allied invasion of Sicily, it took heavy enemy aircraft fire and bombings and shot down two of the enemy bombers. Returning to the United States, it spent months taking troops and equipment to Europe in preparation for the invasion of Normandy. On June 7, 1944, it struck a mine off of Normandy. After failed attempts to save it, the troops and crew were evacuated and the  Susan B. Anthony  sank. As of the year 2015, this was the largest rescue on record of people from a ship without any loss of life. 14. The B Stands for Brownell Anthonys parents gave Susan the middle name Brownell.  Simeon Brownell (born 1821) was another Quaker abolitionist who supported Anthonys womens rights work, and his family may have been related to or friends with Anthonys parents. 15. The Law Giving Women the Vote Was Called the Susan B. Anthony Amendment Anthony died in 1906, so the continuing struggle to win the vote honored her memory with this name for the proposed 19th Constitutional Amendment. Sources Anderson, Bonnie S. The Rabbis Atheist Daughter: Ernestine Rose, International Feminist Pioneer. 1st Edition, Oxford University Press, January 2, 2017. Falderman, Lillian. To Believe in Women: What Lesbians Have Done For America - A History. Kindle Edition, Mariner Books, Movember 1, 2017. Rhodes, Jesse. Happy Birthday, Susan B. Anthony. Smithsonian, February 15, 2011. Schiff, Stacy. Desperately Seeking Susan. The New York Times, October 13, 2006. Stanton, Elizabeth Cady. History of Woman Suffrage. Susan B. Anthony, Matilda Joslyn Gage, Kindle Edition, GIANLUCA, November 29, 2017.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Business Operations of Ford Motor Company Essay - 1

Business Operations of Ford Motor Company - Essay Example According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that today, Ford Motor Company is the second largest vehicle manufacturer in America and ranks fifth in the world. The company initially introduced Ford Fiesta in the American market during the 1970s. However, this new product failed to grab a large percentage of the automobile market. Although Ford Fiesta did not sell in the American market, the product grabbed a place in the market of Europe and its sales volume has been good for more than four decades now. The Fiesta car is changing the preference of buyers in fairly quicker rate. Particularly, in Britain, Fiesta car model has the largest market compared to other car models. Based on the results of recent researches that customers are more willing to buy low CO2 automatic and low-cost vehicle, Ford has used Fiesta strategy to accommodate these preferences. The Fiesta’s gearbox is different from traditional torque converters. It is a dual-clutch transmitter and t his enables it to drain less power, thus having a decent fuel economy. The Ford Fiesta car has a kinematic design. Ford Company uses this design to ensure minimal noise, harshness, vibration, and smooth ride. This product also has many features like 6-Speed Powershift Automatic Transmission (SPAT), Ti-VCT Engine (Twin Independent Variable Camshaft Timing), ESP (Electronic Stability Programme that has TSC (Traction Control System), fuel efficiency, easy fuel, seductive center console, and Bluetooth that has voice control. The company represents this new brand with a better warranty and services. The buyers of Ford Fiesta are given a 3-year warranty that is only valid when the vehicle is in the appropriate condition prescribed in the owners’ manual that is authorized by Ford Service Center.